Thursday, December 31, 2009


Bok choy is a classified as cabbage with scientific name as brassica chinensis. The vegetable is a Chinese cabbage which is also called as snow cabbage. Chinese normally refer bok choy as pak choi which means “white vegetable.” Bok choy is originally propagated in China since early times, where it is applied in soups, stir-fries, appetizers and main dishes. Its popularity was revealed because of its sweet taste, crunchy texture and nutritional significance, where it offers less calories and high in vitamin A, C and calcium.

The plant appearance renders white stalks which bears a resemblance to celery devoid of the stringiness, while the dark green, wrinkled leaves of the most generic assortment is comparable to lettuce of Romaine.

Bok choy is instituted in Europe in 1800s which is at present promptly attainable in the supermarkets of North America. The vegetable plant is also broadly trendy in the Philippines due to existence of Chinese immigrants.

A consumption of half cup of raw bok choy offers 10 calories. It contains no fat or cholesterol and is a superior foundation of calcium. The vegetable plant is low in sodium and excellent in vitamins C and A. Bok choy's stalks and leaves can be applied in salads which offer a delightful and nutritious meal. In preparing bok choy, just simply rinse it with water to remove dirts, chop it and use in a desire application.

Bok choy contains various essential quantities of nitrogen compounds like indoles, phytochemicals which are thought to neutralize powerful estrogens which can encourage the development of tumors. It is also opulent in fiber, potassium, and every cup of it supplies calcium which is equivalent to a half glass of milk and nearly the total RDA for beta-carotene. Aside from those contents, bok choy is also an excellent source of folate the so-called vitamin B9.

Nutrients in bok choy
• Dietary fiber
• Protein
• Thiamin
• Niacin and phosphorus
• Vitamin A
• Vitamin C
• Vitamin K
• Vitamin D
• Riboflavin
• Vitamin B6
• Folate
• Calcium
• Iron
• Magnesium
• Potassium
• Manganese

The connection concerning diabetes mellitus and the shortage of magnesium is well known. Presented by the increasing proofs recommends that magnesium has a vital functions in lessening hazards of cardiovascular which may be included in the pathogenesis of diabetes. Improvement of insulin sensitivity is driven by the supplementation of magnesium. Researchers had acquired a favorable ground to accept that abundance of magnesium play a role in interrupting the initiation of type 2 diabetes and possibly warding off its ravaging impediments such as retinopathy, cardiovascular ailments, and nephropathy.

Various clinical studies presented diabetes patients have lesser mean plasma and free magnesium. This condition of insufficiency, which may take the outline of a unceasing dormant magnesium shortfall rather than clinical hypomagnesemia, may have clinical significance because the magnesium ion is a vital cofactor for various enzymatic responses involved in metabolic dealings.

Various factors which are accountable for the reduced magnesium levels in diabetes are possibly due to low magnesium diet, high renal flow of magnesium, insulin insensitivity. The association correlating magnesium insufficiency and the growth of diabetes is reinforced by the remarks that various medications for type 2 diabetes showed to raise magnesium levels.

Supplementation of magnesium in diabetic person does the following;
• Rectify the shortage in intracellular free magnesium rates
• Reduces platelet reactivity
• Enhances insulin sensitivity
• Protects opposing complications of diabetes and diabetes itself.
• Lessens blood pressure

What makes manganese so essential in diabetic person is that it normalized the blood glucose level. Among the other importance of manganese in the human body is that it used as fat and protein metabolism and the generation of energy. It is required in the promoting proper growth, preserving connective tissue, good for bones, cartilage and also supports in the synthesis of fatty acid. Also absorption of vitamin C, B and E relies on the adequate quantity of manganese.

The excellent tang of bok choy made it an ideal ingredient for salads and soups due to it verdant green leaves. Bok choy contains various vitamins and minerals and these existences created the vegetable plant valuable to human health. Vitamin A is significant in promoting an accurate performance of the body’s immune system, vision enhancement and proper bone development and vitamin K performs a vital role in the coagulation of blood. Vitamin K also assists in the absorption of calcium which preserves density of bone. Antioxidant coming from vitamin C is a well-known natural antioxidant that guards the body from the destructive influences of free radicals.

Calcium absorption is facilitated by the abundant vitamin D in this Chinese cabbage which supports teeth and bone health. Bok choy offers human body the enough quantity of folate which is needed in the accurate growth of body tissues and vitamin B6 which is vital for carbohydrates, fat and protein metabolism and the construction of red blood cells and antibodies. Carotenoids like beta-carotene is also present in bok choy. These carotenoids are recognized for traits as antioxidant and are thought to lessen the hazard of various cancers. Carotenoids are also valuable in settling eye predicaments such as glaucoma and ocular degeneration.

High carotenoids in the body offers the following;
• Defend body cells from the destructive influences of free radicals
• Offers a good source of vitamin A
• Improves the performance of the immune system
• Supports in the proper functioning of the reproductive system

Carotenoids have presented its aptitude to motivate cell to cell communication. According to some advocates, poor communication between cells may one of the grounds of cell overgrowth which eventually direct to the formation of cancer. By encouraging accurate communication between cells, carotenoids may play a role in the deterrence of cancer.

An additional significant nutritional value of Chinese cabbage is its fat-free and low sodium properties which when in high quantities raises the hazards of heart ailments. Various clinical researches presented that correlation between the ingestion of cruciferous vegetables like boy lessened the formation of various cancers. These aptitudes were made possible because of glucosinolate compound which is present within bok choy which is then transformed into isothiocyanates in the body which is responsible in struggling cancer and enhancing the immune system. In conclusion, this nourishing vegetable can protect human body in combating numerous ailments including heart ailments, cancer and macular degeneration while supplying essential nutrients needed to bear the processes of fundamental existence.

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